Cardiology is one of the fields of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease and problems associated with cardiovascular abnormalities. The first mention of Cardiology appeared as far back as B.C., concerning the heart pulse and its enormous role in keeping a person alive. What is the scope of Cardiology?
Cardiology is a thriving branch of medicine with a very long and extensive history. Its origins as a particular field of medicine can be traced back to the first half of the 17th century, as in 1628 the English biologist William Harvey discovered that the heart was in fact a pump that sucked and pumped blood continuously through the blood vessels.
Cardiology American College of Cardiology – history of the field
He describes it as a closed bloodstream. It was an obvious breakthrough in cardiology that led to further scientific discoveries. About 100 years later American College of Cardiology, Stephen Hales, a famous physiologist, made the first successful attempt to measure blood pressure in a horse. He did this with an invasive technique of inserting a tube into the animal’s carotid artery. At the beginning of the 19th century another groundbreaking discovery took place – the invention of the wooden stethoscope by French physician and pathomorphologist René Théophile Hyacinthe Laennec.
Over time, this type of tool was replaced by a flexible stethoscope. However, assessing the regularity of the heart’s function required the invention of equipment to do so. This situation was addressed by a physician of German origin jacc journal of the acc, Karl von Vierordt, American College of Cardiology who invented the first non-invasive blood pressure meter. The device has been improved many times over the years. Today, blood pressure is measured using the so-called Korotkov method, which took its name from the name of a Russian surgeon. The method proposed by the scholar involved using a stethoscope to measure blood pressure with a sphygmomanometer.
Cardiology has not always been a separate field of Medicine. It was originally classified as Internal Medicine. It was not until the early 20th century that the first publications related to the construction of the heart, its physiology, and American College of Cardiology its function began to appear. In 1925, the American Heart Association was formed, the first Cardiological Society in the United States to bring together the top specialists in the field at the time.
Cardiology-its scope of action
In general, cardiology covers issues relating to acquired heart disease, birth defects, and impairment of the proper functioning of the circulatory system American College of Cardiology. However, it turns out that the etiology of heart disease is not always due to cardiovascular dysfunction, but also other areas of the body. These may include, for example, the lungs, central and peripheral nervous systems, and the kidneys.
Following this line of thinking, the following medical fields are close to cardiology: pulmonology, neurology and nephrology. Over the years, other specializations have been isolated from cardiology that focus on specific cardiovascular ailments. These include lymphatic and blood vessel Angiology, hypertensiology for hypertension, and cardiothoracic surgery for the surgical treatment of injuries to both the heart and thoracic organs, such as the diaphragm or oesophagus.
Cardiology jacc journal of the acc – what ailments does it cover?
The most common ailment dealt with by Cardiology is hypertension. This is due to a number of factors, such as long-term stress or obesity. As the percentage of people suffering from hypertension increases, a separate field of Cardiology, hypertensiology, has been isolated. Another condition is a very common coronary artery disease, also known as ischaemic heart disease or angina. It is usually caused by deposition of atherosclerotic plaques in the coronary arteries, which leads to vasoconstriction. The complete opening of the vessel is at risk of a heart attack. Cardiac treatment of coronary artery disease includes pharmacological therapy, surgical implantation of aortic bridges bypassing a constricted artery, as well as so-called revascularizations, or vascular obstructions.
Cardiology also deals with common arrhythmias, which are associated with abnormal functioning of the heart’s jacc journal of the acc stimulus-conductive system. These include tachycardia, flutter and atrial or ventricular fibrillation. Cardiology also deals with anatomical defects of the heart and infections of the heart muscle. This is a field of medicine that is still developing and the techniques used are constantly improving.
Cardiovascular disease is one of the biggest health challenges and leading causes of death in Poland. During the COVID-19 pandemic, which is taking its toll from the early 2020s, cardiac wards are functioning under new rules. As well as those that have been temporarily converted into cardiac infectious units. About the new reality of American College of Cardiology clinics in a rapidly changing environment and the role of telemedicine in times of isolation.
How did American Heart clinics join the fight against coronavirus?
Due to the introduction of the epidemic Emergency, hospitals have been designated throughout the country exclusively to provide services to jacc journal of the acc patients infected with coronavirus. Emergency support is also provided by selected centres operating in single-name hospitals. This is also the case with Polish-American cardiac clinics in Tychy, Zgierz and Kędzierz-Koźle, which have been converted into infectious units with a cardiac profile. The way these centres operate has really been redefined.
We had to adapt the medical and nursing staff to the new conditions, remodel the infrastructure of wards with virus jacc journal of the acc – free clean zones, dirty zones and buffer zones, as well as routes of movement of staff and patients to ensure effective isolation. It also required urgent construction investment.
At a rapid pace we had to effectively learn how to apply personal protective equipment, implement very strict safety procedures and adapt the way our hospital jacc journal of the acc wards and diagnostic clinics operate to the new conditions associated with the current epidemiological situation it was a huge organisational challenge.
Indeed, it required an immediate response from the state. And what is daily life like in such centres today? We are working even harder than before. The situation surprised us as much as everyone else, so we couldn’t 100 per cent prepare for it sooner. However, we have taken preventive measures as early as January 2020 – we have made sure that we have the personal protective equipment that we currently have in store. We are not worried that we will run out of funds.